Submission Guide-Line

The manuscript should be in English and prepared on the following lines:-
Title should be brief, specific and informative. (70 Characters Maximum - including spaces between words.)
Names of author(s) to be typed in full with no abbreviations, First name first and Surname last.
Address of the institution where the work was carried out be given below the name(s) of author(s). Present address of correspondence should be given as footnote indicating by asterisk the author to whom the correspondence is to be addressed.
Abstract need to be introduce in four parts (Background/Methods/Results/Conclusion). The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. The Abstract should be in about 150 to 200 words. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited. Except in Arts and Humanity where some methods/theories carried the name of authorities.
Key words:
Following the abstract, key words not more than 8 that will provide indexing references should be listed and in alphabetical order.

Body of Main Text -

Typical sections should include:
This should be brief and the review of the literature should be pertinent to the theme of the paper. Extensive review and unnecessary detail of earlier work should be avoided. However, present the subject of paper clearly to indicate the scope of the subject, and present the goals of paper, novelty of research work and finally the organization of paper.
Materials and Methods:
It should inform the reader about appropriate methodology etc. but if known methods have been adopted, only references be cited. It should comprise the experimental design and techniques with experimental area and institutional with year of experiment. Authors need to indicate when (year/period) and where (university/institute) the present experiment was conducted. Note that if plants and animals materials are used, the Voucher of the specimen be obtained from a qualified Botanists or Zoologists.
Results and Discussion:
It should be combined to avoid repetition. The results should not be repeated in both tables and figures. The discussion should relate to the significance of the observations.
A comprehensive and straight forward conclusion be drawn to summarize the whole work. It should be as brief and concise as possible. Table numbers should be followed by the title of the table, Line drawings/photographs should contain figure number and description thereof. The corresponding number(s) of Tables, Figures etc should quoted in the text. Size of tables and figures should be below 1 MB.
- If the author(s) wishes to recognize any individuals, organizations, or agencies for assistance or support for the reported work.
The author should use the author-date format for citations and references (e.g., Hassan et al. 2006; Sunday R., 2001). A List of all the references quoted should be provided at the end of the paper. It should be prepared alphabetically with surname of all the authors followed by his initials and year of publication in brackets. The titles of the articles should be mentioned. Full journal name should be used and be typed in italics. Volume numbers need to be in bold type. Author are encourage to use single line spacing within the reference and double line spacing between the references.
All the papers are double blind peer reviewed. The responsibility for any statement in the article rests with the author(s). The corresponding author should send an evidence that the article or its data has not been sent/will not be sent elsewhere for publication. If a manuscript is returned to the authors for revision, it must be resubmitted within 20-25 days of its receipt. The article number allotted should invariably be referred in all correspondence.
Appendices -
Data of secondary importance or data needed to support assertions in the text that is provided in appendices should be referenced in the body of the main text.
Tables and Figures
Tables All tables should have a concise title. Footnotes can be used to explain abbreviations. Citations should be indicated using the same style as outlined above. Tables occupying more than one printed page should be avoided. Tables must be cell-based. Figures Authors may use line diagrams and photographs to illustrate these from their text. The figures should be clear, easy to read and of good quality. Styles and fonts should match those in the main body of the article. Lettering and lines should be of uniform density and the lines unbroken. Units should be placed next to variables in parentheses. All figures must be in the text itself appropriate place not at the end or as separate attachment

Figure Legends
- The aim of the figure legend should be to describe the key messages of the figure, but the figure should also be discussed in the text. An enlarged version of the figure and its full legend will often be viewed in a separate window online, and it should be possible for a reader to understand the figure without switching back and forth between this window and the relevant parts of the text. Each legend should have a concise title of no more than 15 words. The legend itself should be succinct, while still explaining all symbols and abbreviations. Avoid lengthy descriptions of methods.


Engr. Dr. Usman Kallamu

Chief Editor

Dr. O. Akinsola

Assistant Chief Editor

Shuwama M