Challenges and Problems of Rentier Economy in Africa (Nigeria Case Study)

The mono-cultural nature of Africa economy has a lot of implication on its development, most African countries more especially the oil rich states, otherwise call rentier states depends heavily on external rent, this possess a lot of challenges and problem to their economy the implication of this are enormous, poverty, unemployment economic stagnation, corruption, civil unrest etc. Documentary in textbook, journals, periodical and data on the internet will be explored; Neo-colonization, dependency and imperialism are still but crux of the lack of development. Internal economic mobilization and diversification is seen as the way out.

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Limiting factor analysis technique: A literature review

Limiting factor analysis is a technique usually applied in the short term decisions. It is employed by management to curb the effect of shortages in limiting factor such as raw material, skilled labor, machine hours or market that may constraint the company from operating at full capacity. Virtually most organization faces the problem of shortages of factor input in one way or the other. This article analyses how the limiting factor analysis technique will help a firm in maximizing its long term profitability with a view to improving the value of the firm.

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Influence of Politics on the News Media and Media’s Influence on Politics

The press/media has had a long and seemingly unending relationship with politics leading to various communication scholars to describe this relationship as polymedia, ‘a tug of war’, ‘a symbiotic relationship’, ‘marriage de raison’, ‘a tango of give and take’, ‘trust and distrust, love and hate’, ‘uneasy exchange and reliance’, etc. Majority of newspaper contents in Nigeria and around the world are on politics as it is the most selling news. Thus, this paper seeks to find out through observations and literatures, the relationship between the press and politics by determining how they both influence each other. The researcher reviewed existing literatures for the study since the subject is theoretical based. These literatures were works already published on the relationship between the press and politics. This study is anchored on the Politics-Media-Politics Principle model. The researcher concluded that there exist a significant relationship between the press and politics. The researcher also found out that the press has as much influence on politics as politics on the press. On the influence of the media on politics, the media have been the predominant source of political information for citizens in a democratic society. On the influence of politics on the media, politicians, even governments can manipulate the coverage of information to achieve their political and economic goals through diverting audience attention. The researcher recommended that the press should also endeavour to give an unbiased report about politics no matter which politician or political actor is involved.

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Influence of Classroom Environment on Achievement in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in Some Selected Secondary Schools in Mokwa, Niger State, Nigeria

Environment plays a significant role in determining students’ level of academic achievement and enhancing their holistic growth. Classroom as an environment is not just an intellectual space, but also a social, emotional and physical environment. The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of classroom environment on learning English as a foreign language from selected secondary schools in Mokwa, Nigeria. This study indorses the experimental approach to realize its objective. Two groups of students are classified as the Experimental and the Control group and assigned to study under two different classroom environments. The Experimental group consists of (100) students. These are accommodated in three well renovated classrooms; while the Control group which includes (100) students are assigned to study in non-renovated schools under relatively poor classroom environments. The two groups are taught the same English language material by teachers with similar qualifications and experiences during the first term of the academic year 2018. Scores in the English Final Examination for the two groups are compared to assess the classroom environment effect on the students’ achievement. These scores are tabulated and analysed using descriptive statistics. The results reveal that there are significant differences between the achievements of the Experimental and the Control group in English in favour of the Experimental group who have studied under favourable classroom conditions. The researcher has also explored the administrators’ and teachers’ viewpoints regarding the learning environment in the study zone and its possible impact on students’ achievement in English. The study recommends conducting further studies on the environmental effect on other school subjects and on female students’ achievement.

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Glucose and heamoglobin are nutritional parameters that can signal certain abnormality in patients especially in the presence of diabetes. The co-presence of glucose and heamoglobin in the blood in certain ratio can signal health related problems and solutions. Blood glucose level is the amount of glucose present in the blood of a human. Glucose is the primarily source of energy for the body cells. These monomers are transported from the intestine through hepatic portal vein to other body cells regulated by the hormone. Heamoglobin is the iron containing oxygen transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of vertebrates as well as the tissue of some invertebrate. The aim of this research is to determined glucose and heamoglobin concentration in type II Diabetes. The blood glucose of the hundred patients was determined using Chemistry system selectra PROS. The results showed 11 patients with the glucose level 14.2mmol/L have a corresponding heamoglobin concentration of 10-11gm/dL. 56 patients with the glucose level of 12.5mmol/L with a corresponding heamoglobin concentration of 12-13gm/dL, and 33 patients with the glucose level of 10.3mmol/L have a corresponding heamoglobin concentration of 14-15gm/dL. Moreover the mean values of blood glucose and heamoglobin concentration are 12.0 ± 0.3mmol/L and 12.9 ± 0.3gm/dL respectively. From the result obtained, it was observed that as the glucose increased the heamoglobin decreased and vise versa. In conclusion, 56% of the study population are within the normal range and 44% deviate from normal. It was recommended that diabetic patients should give proper attention to avoid low heamoglobin as this may play an health related problem. Patients should regularly check their heamoglobin level and also advice to exercise regularly in order to avoid been obese. HbA1c should be carried out as a marker that can be used to determine average blood sugar of normal individuals.

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